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Total anomalous systemic venous drainage to the left atrium: An entity reviewed and investigated


Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Neeraj Awasthy
Consultant, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla Road, New Delhi - 110 025
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2069.132476

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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 98-102

 

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We present three unusual cases of total anomalous systemic venous drainage (TASVD) where all the systemic veins were abnormally connected to the atrium that drained into the left ventricle (LV). All three patients had features consistent with left atrial isomerism. Based on the available evidence and review of literature we propose that TASVD be included as a part of the syndrome of left atrial isomerism. A classification for TASVD is also proposed with surgical implications.






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Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Neeraj Awasthy
Consultant, Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla Road, New Delhi - 110 025
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2069.132476

Rights and Permissions

We present three unusual cases of total anomalous systemic venous drainage (TASVD) where all the systemic veins were abnormally connected to the atrium that drained into the left ventricle (LV). All three patients had features consistent with left atrial isomerism. Based on the available evidence and review of literature we propose that TASVD be included as a part of the syndrome of left atrial isomerism. A classification for TASVD is also proposed with surgical implications.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
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