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Diagnosis and management of aorto-left ventricular tunnel


1 Department of Cardiac Surgery, Gutti, Consultant Pediatric Cardiologist, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Chief Cardiac Surgeon, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Consultant Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4 Consultant Pediatric Cardiologist, G. Kuppuswamy Naidu Memorial Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
5 Consultant Cardiologist, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
6 Chief Pediatric Cardiologist, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Nageswara Rao Koneti
Chief Pediatric Cardiologist, Road No: 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500 031, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2069.157021

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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 103-107

 

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Background: Aorto-left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) is a rare congenital extracardiac channel with progressive left ventricular dilatation needs early correction. Materials and Methods: This is a report of diagnosis and management of aorto-left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) over a period of 11 years from a single institution. Seven patients (age range: 7 days-45 years) presented with heart failure. The diagnosis of ALVT was made by transthoracic echocardiogram in all cases. Results: Treatment was refused by two patients who died during follow-up. Surgical closure of the tunnel was done in four cases, of which one needed Bentall procedure. Two patients had residual leak after the surgery. Transcatheter closure using Amplatzer muscular device was performed in two cases (for postoperative residual leak in one and primary procedure in the other). Significant hemolysis developed in one of them, necessitating the removal of the device and closed surgically. This child underwent aortic valve replacement two years later. All the remaining patients were doing well during the median follow-up of 30 months (range: 1.5-9 years). Conclusion: ALVT is a rare and potentially fatal anomaly that is ideally managed surgically. Catheter closure has a limited role.






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1 Department of Cardiac Surgery, Gutti, Consultant Pediatric Cardiologist, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Chief Cardiac Surgeon, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Consultant Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
4 Consultant Pediatric Cardiologist, G. Kuppuswamy Naidu Memorial Hospital, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
5 Consultant Cardiologist, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
6 Chief Pediatric Cardiologist, Care Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Nageswara Rao Koneti
Chief Pediatric Cardiologist, Road No: 1, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500 031, Telangana
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2069.157021

Rights and Permissions

Background: Aorto-left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) is a rare congenital extracardiac channel with progressive left ventricular dilatation needs early correction. Materials and Methods: This is a report of diagnosis and management of aorto-left ventricular tunnel (ALVT) over a period of 11 years from a single institution. Seven patients (age range: 7 days-45 years) presented with heart failure. The diagnosis of ALVT was made by transthoracic echocardiogram in all cases. Results: Treatment was refused by two patients who died during follow-up. Surgical closure of the tunnel was done in four cases, of which one needed Bentall procedure. Two patients had residual leak after the surgery. Transcatheter closure using Amplatzer muscular device was performed in two cases (for postoperative residual leak in one and primary procedure in the other). Significant hemolysis developed in one of them, necessitating the removal of the device and closed surgically. This child underwent aortic valve replacement two years later. All the remaining patients were doing well during the median follow-up of 30 months (range: 1.5-9 years). Conclusion: ALVT is a rare and potentially fatal anomaly that is ideally managed surgically. Catheter closure has a limited role.






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