Next article Search Articles Instructions for authors  Access Statistics | Citation Manager  
ORIGINAL ARTICLE  

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed4123    
    Printed38    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded465    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal

Birth prevalence of congenital heart disease: A cross-sectional observational study from North India


1 All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA
3 Department of Pediatrics, Columbia Asia Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hindu Rao Hospital, New Delhi, India
5 Department of Biostatistics, All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
6 Department of Cardiology, All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Anita Saxena
DM, Room # 29, Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2069.189122

Rights and Permissions

Year : 2016  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 205-209

 

SEARCH
Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles

  Article in PDF (535 KB)
Email article
Print Article
Add to My List
Objective: To assess the birth prevalence and pattern of congenital heart disease (CHD) using echocardiography in babies born in a community hospital of North India. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study conducted over a period of 3 years. Newborns born over a specific 8-h period of the day were recruited in the study. They underwent routine clinical examination and pulse oximetry, followed by screening echocardiography for diagnosing a CHD. Results: A total of 20,307 newborns were screened, among which 874 had abnormal echocardiograms; 687 had insignificant CHDs, 164 had significant CHDs, and 24 had other abnormal cardiac findings. The birth prevalence of significant CHDs was 8.07 per 1000 live births; 131 newborns had an acyanotic CHD (79.9%) and 33 a cyanotic CHD (20.1%). Ventricular septal defect (VSD) was the most common acyanotic CHD, present in 116 newborns, giving a prevalence of 5.7/1000 live births. Among the cyanotic CHD, transposition of great arteries was most common (prevalence 0.34/1000 live births). Conclusion: The CHD birth prevalence in our study is similar to the reported worldwide birth prevalence. Acyanotic CHD (mostly VSD) is seen in about three-fourths of babies born with CHD. The more sinister cyanotic CHD is present in remaining 25%.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
 

 

 

 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 
 
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
  *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 
 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
 




1 All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA
3 Department of Pediatrics, Columbia Asia Hospital, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hindu Rao Hospital, New Delhi, India
5 Department of Biostatistics, All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
6 Department of Cardiology, All Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Anita Saxena
DM, Room # 29, Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2069.189122

Rights and Permissions

Objective: To assess the birth prevalence and pattern of congenital heart disease (CHD) using echocardiography in babies born in a community hospital of North India. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study conducted over a period of 3 years. Newborns born over a specific 8-h period of the day were recruited in the study. They underwent routine clinical examination and pulse oximetry, followed by screening echocardiography for diagnosing a CHD. Results: A total of 20,307 newborns were screened, among which 874 had abnormal echocardiograms; 687 had insignificant CHDs, 164 had significant CHDs, and 24 had other abnormal cardiac findings. The birth prevalence of significant CHDs was 8.07 per 1000 live births; 131 newborns had an acyanotic CHD (79.9%) and 33 a cyanotic CHD (20.1%). Ventricular septal defect (VSD) was the most common acyanotic CHD, present in 116 newborns, giving a prevalence of 5.7/1000 live births. Among the cyanotic CHD, transposition of great arteries was most common (prevalence 0.34/1000 live births). Conclusion: The CHD birth prevalence in our study is similar to the reported worldwide birth prevalence. Acyanotic CHD (mostly VSD) is seen in about three-fourths of babies born with CHD. The more sinister cyanotic CHD is present in remaining 25%.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article