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Aortic and pulmonary artery calcification: An unusual manifestation of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome


Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, B.J. Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sumitra Venkatesh
Division of Pediatric Cadiology, Department of Pediatric, B.J. Wadia Hospital for Children, A Donde Marg, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2069.197059

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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 75-77

 

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Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) at times complicates monochorionic twin gestations, resulting in conditions ranging from discordant sizes to fetal demise of one baby. Various types of cardiac defects have been described in the recipient twin of this syndrome. Isolated great artery calcification, i.e. aortic and pulmonary artery calcification is one such uncommon condition associated with TTTS. Calcification of the walls of great vessels may be due to chronic vascular injury sustained as a result of circulatory volume overload in the recipient twin. It may also cause severe systemic hypertension and cardiomyopathy. An accurate diagnosis is important for an optimal follow-up and appropriate genetic counseling. We report a case of aortic and pulmonary artery calcification in association with TTTS.






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Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, B.J. Wadia Hospital for Children, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sumitra Venkatesh
Division of Pediatric Cadiology, Department of Pediatric, B.J. Wadia Hospital for Children, A Donde Marg, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-2069.197059

Rights and Permissions

Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) at times complicates monochorionic twin gestations, resulting in conditions ranging from discordant sizes to fetal demise of one baby. Various types of cardiac defects have been described in the recipient twin of this syndrome. Isolated great artery calcification, i.e. aortic and pulmonary artery calcification is one such uncommon condition associated with TTTS. Calcification of the walls of great vessels may be due to chronic vascular injury sustained as a result of circulatory volume overload in the recipient twin. It may also cause severe systemic hypertension and cardiomyopathy. An accurate diagnosis is important for an optimal follow-up and appropriate genetic counseling. We report a case of aortic and pulmonary artery calcification in association with TTTS.






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