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Quantification of ventricular unloading by 3D echocardiography in single ventricle of left ventricular morphology following superior cavo-pulmonary anastomosis and Fontan completion – a feasibility study


1 Department of Cardiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
2 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Bijulal Sasidharan
Department of Cardiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_12_17

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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 224-229

 

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Background: Three-dimensional echocardiography. (3DE) is comparable to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging for estimating ventricular volume in congenital heart diseases. However, there are limited data on estimation of ventricular volumes by 3DE in univentricular heart and change in ventricular volumes after surgical creation of cavopulmonary connection. We sought to quantify the unloading of the single ventricle of left ventricular. (LV) morphology by 3DE after superior cavopulmonary anastomosis. (SCPA) or Fontan operation over a period of 3 months and thereby derive a preliminary 3DE data set on this patient subset. Patients and Methods: Eighteen patients with functional single ventricle of LV morphology, who underwent SCPA or completion of Fontan circulation, were included in the study. Volume of the ventricle was estimated by 3DE before surgery and after surgery. (in the early postoperative phase and 3 months after surgery), and indexed end-diastolic volume. (EDV), end.systolic volume. (ESV), and ejection fraction. (EF) were derived. Results: Twelve patients underwent SCPA and six patients underwent staged completion of Fontan circulation. Before surgery, EDV was similar in both groups. There was a significant fall in EDV immediately after SCPA (from 48.3 ± 14.9 ml/m2 to 39.5 ± 12.3 ml/m2). However, EDV increased at 3 months' follow-up to 41.3 ± 10.5 ml/m2. There was no significant fall in EDV immediately after Fontan operation (47.2 ± 10.1 ml/m2−46.6 ± 14.2 ml/m2), but EDV continued to fall at 3 months of follow-up (44.7 ± 10. ml/m2). There was no significant change in ESV in either group, but EF fell significantly after SCPA. Conclusions: We provide preliminary information on 3DE volume data of single ventricle of LV morphology and the pattern of unloading after SCPA and Fontan operation. Immediate significant volume unloading occurred after SCPA which tended to catch-up after 3 months, whereas continued fall in ventricular volume with time was noted after Fontan.






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1 Department of Cardiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
2 Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Bijulal Sasidharan
Department of Cardiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_12_17

Rights and Permissions

Background: Three-dimensional echocardiography. (3DE) is comparable to cardiac magnetic resonance imaging for estimating ventricular volume in congenital heart diseases. However, there are limited data on estimation of ventricular volumes by 3DE in univentricular heart and change in ventricular volumes after surgical creation of cavopulmonary connection. We sought to quantify the unloading of the single ventricle of left ventricular. (LV) morphology by 3DE after superior cavopulmonary anastomosis. (SCPA) or Fontan operation over a period of 3 months and thereby derive a preliminary 3DE data set on this patient subset. Patients and Methods: Eighteen patients with functional single ventricle of LV morphology, who underwent SCPA or completion of Fontan circulation, were included in the study. Volume of the ventricle was estimated by 3DE before surgery and after surgery. (in the early postoperative phase and 3 months after surgery), and indexed end-diastolic volume. (EDV), end.systolic volume. (ESV), and ejection fraction. (EF) were derived. Results: Twelve patients underwent SCPA and six patients underwent staged completion of Fontan circulation. Before surgery, EDV was similar in both groups. There was a significant fall in EDV immediately after SCPA (from 48.3 ± 14.9 ml/m2 to 39.5 ± 12.3 ml/m2). However, EDV increased at 3 months' follow-up to 41.3 ± 10.5 ml/m2. There was no significant fall in EDV immediately after Fontan operation (47.2 ± 10.1 ml/m2−46.6 ± 14.2 ml/m2), but EDV continued to fall at 3 months of follow-up (44.7 ± 10. ml/m2). There was no significant change in ESV in either group, but EF fell significantly after SCPA. Conclusions: We provide preliminary information on 3DE volume data of single ventricle of LV morphology and the pattern of unloading after SCPA and Fontan operation. Immediate significant volume unloading occurred after SCPA which tended to catch-up after 3 months, whereas continued fall in ventricular volume with time was noted after Fontan.






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