Giuseppe Scrascia, Anna Maria Pia Grimaldi, Dario Troise, Gabriele Scalzo
Department of Pediatric Sciences, Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Unit, Giovanni XXIII Pediatric Hospital, Bari, Italy
A 21-day-old baby with transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum, infradiaphragmatic totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection, and atrial septum defect underwent combined arterial switch operation, totally anomalous venous connection repair, and atrial septum defect closure, using a right-sided approach and temporary pulmonary veins occlusion, with no postoperative and 6-months follow-up complications. Complete anatomical correction is the most conceivable treatment for this unusual pathology; right-sided approach instead lifting the heart toward the right pleural cavity to perform left atrium-to-pulmonary veins anastomosis limits heart displacement and avoids nonphysiological three-dimensional alterations; moreover, ligation and division of vertical vein allow to obtain more tissue for anastomosis; temporary occlusion of pulmonary veins while performing anastomosis is a simple procedure that allows to avoid deep hypothermic circulatory arrest or low flow systemic perfusion. Combination of these details facilitates intra- and postoperative management, especially in combined demanding cases.
Dr. Giuseppe Scrascia
Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Unit, Giovanni XXIII Pediatric Hospital, Via Amendola 207, 70100 Bari
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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