Year : 2010  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 12--24

Clinico-morphological correlations in the categorization of holes between the ventricles


Brad A Friedman1, Anthony Hlavacek1, Karen Chessa1, Girish S Shirali1, Eowyn Corcrain2, Diane Spicer3, Robert H Anderson1, Sinai Zyblewski1 
1 Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
2 Division of Pathology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
3 Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

Correspondence Address:
Robert H Anderson
60 Earlsfield Road, London SW18 3DN, United Kingdom

Controversy still exists in the categorization of holes between the ventricles, although they are the most common congenital cardiac malformation. Advanced imaging techniques such as three-dimensional echocardiography and computed tomographic angiography offer superb anatomical details of these defects. In this review, we have sought to collate the features highlighted in different categorizations and identify their similarities, but also emphasize their differences. We hope that an analysis of this type, now achievable during life, using advanced imaging, might lead to the appearance of a unified system for diagnosis and description of holes between the ventricles.


How to cite this article:
Friedman BA, Hlavacek A, Chessa K, Shirali GS, Corcrain E, Spicer D, Anderson RH, Zyblewski S. Clinico-morphological correlations in the categorization of holes between the ventricles.Ann Pediatr Card 2010;3:12-24


How to cite this URL:
Friedman BA, Hlavacek A, Chessa K, Shirali GS, Corcrain E, Spicer D, Anderson RH, Zyblewski S. Clinico-morphological correlations in the categorization of holes between the ventricles. Ann Pediatr Card [serial online] 2010 [cited 2020 Jun 3 ];3:12-24
Available from: http://www.annalspc.com/article.asp?issn=0974-2069;year=2010;volume=3;issue=1;spage=12;epage=24;aulast=Friedman;type=0