Ann Pediatr Card Close
 

Figure 2: Schematic diagram showing “the anatomy and the number of steal phenomenon” and “the source of symptoms” in patients with isolation of the left brachiocephalic artery. Symptoms are related to head (manifested as dizziness and transient ischemic attacks due to cerebrovascular insufficiency), heart (manifested as congestive heart failure due to left to right shunt from left brachiocephalic artery to pulmonary artery), and hand (manifested as left arm claudication due to decreased flow to left subclavian artery)

Figure 2: Schematic diagram showing “the anatomy and the number of steal phenomenon” and “the source of symptoms” in patients with isolation of the left brachiocephalic artery. Symptoms are related to head (manifested as dizziness and transient ischemic attacks due to cerebrovascular insufficiency), heart (manifested as congestive heart failure due to left to right shunt from left brachiocephalic artery to pulmonary artery), and hand (manifested as left arm claudication due to decreased flow to left subclavian artery)