Sergey Termosesov, Ekaterina Kulbachinskaya, Ekaterina Polyakova, Dmitriy Khaspekov, Ivan Grishin, Vera Bereznitskaya, Maria Shkolnikova
Children's center of arrhythmias, Veltischev Research and Clinical Institute of Pediatrics, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia
Background: The pacemaker lead placement is presented as one of the most appropriate procedures in children with a complete atrioventricular block (AVB). Despite the fact that video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for epicardial lead placement has demonstrated positive results as to the feasibility, safety, and efficacy in adults, its role in pacemaker implantation in children remains unclear.
Aim: This study sought to assess the intermediate-term outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic pacemaker lead placement in children with complete AVB
Materials and Methods: From May 2017 to November 2019, five children with complete AVB underwent minimally invasive left ventricular (LV) lead placements via thoracoscopic video assistance approach. The procedure was performed under complex intratracheal anesthesia with single-lung ventilation, all pacing parameters were evaluated in perioperative and follow-up periods.
Results: The median age of children at implantation was 3 years (range: 2 to 4 years), the median weight was 13 kg (range: 12–15 kg). All procedures were completed successfully, pacing thresholds for the active lead measured 0.3-1.1V, with R-wave amplitude of 8-18 mV and impedance of 560-1478 Ohm.
Conclusion: Thoracoscopic pacemaker lead placement may provide a potential alternative to the transthoracic approach of epicardial lead placement in children with AVB.
Dr. Ekaterina Kulbachinskaya
119146, Komsomolskaya Str., 5-17, Moscow
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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