Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
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Table of Contents   
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 249
Mitral valve replacement in infants

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, AIIMS, New Delhi; Senior Consultant, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Date of Submission10-Feb-2021
Date of Acceptance10-Feb-2021
Date of Web Publication03-May-2021

How to cite this article:
Sampathkumar A. Mitral valve replacement in infants. Ann Pediatr Card 2021;14:249

How to cite this URL:
Sampathkumar A. Mitral valve replacement in infants. Ann Pediatr Card [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Aug 19];14:249. Available from:


I read with interest the article by Dranseika et al. on Melody valve for mitral valve replacement (MVR) in small children.[1] Although the numbers are small, their efforts are to be applauded for attempting to overcome the difficulties of MVR in small children. They conclude that it is FEASIBLE and reproducible. They also conclude that this offers a better solution to EXISTING alternatives for infants requiring prosthetic mitral valve.

Feasibility alone should not be a deciding factor as it is dependent on the surgeon's skill and availability of alternatives. It is surprising that they have not considered all the existing alternatives available for such a situation. The pulmonary autograft is an excellent substitute and provides a far superior option.[2],[3] It is a living valve, does not degenerate, and allows growth of the valve.[4] In the reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract, they could use a homograft, Contegra valve, or the Melody valve with the option of balloon dilatation if required. This is a superior option to using the Melody valve in the mitral position. Presumably, the European tissue banks would have adequate supply of homografts.

Another option is to use a pediatric heart-transplant recipient's aortic or pulmonary valve (homovital valve) as a replacement for the mitral valve in infants in the Ross II technique.[5],[6] This will be similar to the Ross II operation and technically simpler option to safeguard and retain the pulmonary autograft for any later requirement.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

   References Top

Dranseika V, Pretre R, Kretschmar O, Dave H. Melody valve to replace the mitral valve in small children: Lessons learned. Ann Pediatr Card 2021;14:35-41.  Back to cited text no. 1
  [Full text]  
Brown JW, Fiore AC, Ruzmetov M, Eltayeb O, Rodefeld MD, Turrentine MW. Evolution of mitral valve replacement in children: A 40-year experience. Ann Thorac Surg 2012;93:626-33.  Back to cited text no. 2
Brown JW, Ruzmetov M, Rodefeld MD, Turrentine MW. Mitral valve replacement with Ross II technique: Initial experience. Ann Thorac Surg 2006;81:502-8.  Back to cited text no. 3
Kumar AS, Aggarwal S, Choudhary SK. Mitral valve replacement with the pulmonary autograft; The Ross II Procedure. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2001;122:378-79.  Back to cited text no. 4
Chauvaud S, Waldmann T, d'Attellis N, Bruneval P, Acar C, Gerota J, et al. Homograft replacement of the mitral valve in young recipients: Midterm results. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2003;23:560-65.  Back to cited text no. 5
Mehrotra R, Srivastava S, Airan B, Koicha MA, Mehra NK, Venugopal P, et al. Aortic valve replacement with a homovital valve. Tex Heart Inst J 1997;24:221-22.  Back to cited text no. 6

Correspondence Address:
Arkalgud Sampathkumar
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, AIIMS, New Delhi; Senior Consultant, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_29_21

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