Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
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Defining transposition: What have we learnt?


1 Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Birmingham Children's Hospital; Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
2 Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Adrian Crucean,
Department of Paediatric Cardiac Surgery, Birmingham Women's and Children's Hospital, Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham, B4 6NH
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/apc.APC_181_19

Understanding transposition is important for all who hope to effectively treat patients with the condition. The variants of the condition are frequently debated in the literature. We describe an unusual variant of transposition, in which despite the arterial roots being supported by morphologically inappropriate ventricles, the roots themselves were normally related, with the intrapericardial arterial trunks spiraling as they extended into the mediastinum. The specimen was identified following the re-categorization of our archive, and we subsequently conducted a detailed analysis of the underlying morphology. Using the principles of sequential segmental analysis, we compared the morphology with standard examples previously described. We show how it was the recognition of such hearts that promoted that concept that the combination of connections across the atrioventricular and ventriculo-arterial junctions was the essence of transposition. In the most common variant, the arrangements are concordant at the atrioventricular junctions, but discordant at the ventriculo-arterial junctions. We suggest that the overall arrangement of discordant ventriculo-arterial connections is best described simply as “transposition.” When the discordant ventriculo-arterial connections are combined with similarly discordant connections at the atrioventricular junctions, the transposition is congenitally corrected. We point out that the use of “d” and “l” as prefixes does not distinguish between transposition and its congenitally corrected variant. For those using segmental notations, the correct description for the rare variant found in the setting of a posteriorly located aortic root with the usual atrial arrangement is transposition (S, D, NR).


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    -  Roderick ME
    -  Maria N
    -  Crucean A
    -  Stickley J
    -  Barron DJ
    -  Anderson RH
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