Year : 2020  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 98--99

Circumflex retroesophageal left aortic arch with right ductus arteriosus: A rare complete vascular ring diagnosed on computed tomography angiography


Niraj Nirmal Pandey1, Manish Shaw1, Sakshi Sachdeva2, Gurpreet Singh Gulati1, Shyam S Kothari2,  
1 Department of Cardiovascular Radiology and Endovascular Interventions, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gurpreet Singh Gulati
Department of Cardiovascular Radiology and Endovascular Interventions, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
India

Abstract

A circumflex retroesophageal left aortic arch with a right-sided ductus is an extremely rare cause of a complete vascular ring, which may result in severe tracheobronchial compression, leading to respiratory compromise, especially in children. We present a case of a 6-month-old female child with stridor and feeding difficulties since birth with interspersed self-resolving episodes of cyanosis and apnea, secondary to the presence of the above-mentioned vascular ring.



How to cite this article:
Pandey NN, Shaw M, Sachdeva S, Gulati GS, Kothari SS. Circumflex retroesophageal left aortic arch with right ductus arteriosus: A rare complete vascular ring diagnosed on computed tomography angiography.Ann Pediatr Card 2020;13:98-99


How to cite this URL:
Pandey NN, Shaw M, Sachdeva S, Gulati GS, Kothari SS. Circumflex retroesophageal left aortic arch with right ductus arteriosus: A rare complete vascular ring diagnosed on computed tomography angiography. Ann Pediatr Card [serial online] 2020 [cited 2022 Aug 16 ];13:98-99
Available from: https://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2020/13/1/98/270491


Full Text



 Clinical Summary



A 6-month-old female child presented to the outpatient department with a history of “noisy” and “rapid” breathing and feeding difficulties since birth with few interspersed self-resolving episodes of cyanosis and apnea, following bouts of crying. During the outpatient visit, the patient developed an episode of sudden-onset cyanosis, apnea, and bradycardia and became unresponsive. Following cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the child underwent endotracheal and nasogastric intubation and was referred for a computed tomography angiography (CTA) to evaluate for the presence of any vascular ring.

CTA demonstrated the presence of a left-sided aortic arch crossing the midline (*) posterior to the trachea (T) and the esophagus (E) in the upper mediastinum and further descending on the right side of spine. A Kommerell's diverticulum (#) arising from the anterosuperior aspect of aorta, on the right side, gave rise to an aberrant right subclavian artery (RSCA). A ductus arteriosus was seen connecting the descending aorta to the right pulmonary artery completing the vascular ring [Figure 1]a, [Figure 1]b, [Figure 1]c.{Figure 1}

 Discussion



A circumflex retroesophageal left aortic arch with a right-sided ductus is an extremely rare cause of a complete vascular ring and results from regression of the right fourth arch between the right common carotid artery and RSCA, with persistence of right-sided sixth arch component forming the ductus arteriosus, along with a right-sided descending aorta. The definitive distal aortic arch is formed by the distal left dorsal aorta, which passes posterior to the trachea and esophagus to a right-sided descending aorta.[1] The vascular ring is completed by a segment of aortic arch on the left side along with a retroesophageal segment of aortic arch, ductus on the right, and pulmonary artery on the anterior aspect.[2] This uncommon anomaly may result in severe tracheobronchial compression, leading to respiratory compromise, especially in children, necessitating surgery. The compression may be relieved by division of the ductus as was done in the current case. Patients may also require aortic uncrossing procedure, where the distal aortic arch is transected; the retroesophageal segment mobilized and brought anterior to trachea followed by its anastomosis with the ascending aorta.[3]

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form, the patient's parents have given their consent for his images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient's parents understand that his names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

1Hanneman K, Newman B, Chan F. Congenital variants and anomalies of the aortic arch. Radiographics 2017;37:32-51.
2Priya S, Thomas R, Nagpal P, Sharma A, Steigner M. Congenital anomalies of the aortic arch. Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2018;8:S26-44.
3Russell HM, Rastatter JC, Backer CL. The aortic uncrossing procedure for circumflex aorta. Oper Techn Thoracic Cardiovasc Surg 2013;18:15-31.