Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 128--129

The slow-flat-slow sequence in malignant vasovagal syncope


Guy Vaksmann1, Ivan Bouzguenda1, Marie-Dominique Lamblin2,  
1 Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Hôpital Privé de La Louvière, Lille, France
2 Department of Neurophysiology, Hôpital Roger Salengro, Lille, France

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Guy Vaksmann
Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Hôpital Privé de La Louvière, Lille
France

Abstract

We present the electroencephalographic and electrocardiographic tracing obtained in an 8-year old boy who experienced malignant vasovagal syncope during the recording. This tracing illustrates the highly specific “slow-flat-slow” sequence described in cases of syncope induced by severe cerebral hypoperfusion.



How to cite this article:
Vaksmann G, Bouzguenda I, Lamblin MD. The slow-flat-slow sequence in malignant vasovagal syncope.Ann Pediatr Card 2021;14:128-129


How to cite this URL:
Vaksmann G, Bouzguenda I, Lamblin MD. The slow-flat-slow sequence in malignant vasovagal syncope. Ann Pediatr Card [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Apr 22 ];14:128-129
Available from: https://www.annalspc.com/text.asp?2021/14/1/128/300871


Full Text



An 8-year-old boy was evaluated with electroencephalogram (EEG) for suspicion of seizures after recurrent episodes of loss of consciousness with myoclonic jerks. An episode occurred during the recording and was due to prolonged asystole diagnosing cardio-inhibitory malignant vasovagal syncope [Figure 1]. Asystole induced EEG changes were as follows: at the beginning of the recording, normal activity (alpha waves) is replaced by slow waves with increased amplitude (delta waves), then a sudden flattening of the EEG occurs for several seconds until the resurgence of slow waves followed by a normalization of the cerebral activity.{Figure 1}

Vasovagally mediated asystole can induce seizure-like syncope, the so-called convulsive syncope.[1] The EEG recording in our patient illustrates nicely the highly specific “slow-flat-slow” sequence described on EEG in case of syncope induced by severe transient cerebral hypoperfusion.[2],[3],[4] In this sequence, the normal alpha rhythm gives way to large and slow waves, the delta waves, that are usually associated with the deep stage 3 of nonrapid eye movement sleep. Then this slow activity disappears abruptly, leaving a flat EEG. The recovery of the cerebral perfusion leads to the same phenomenon in reverse order. This observation also illustrates the need to record an EKG lead simultaneously with EEG channels when evaluating a patient for seizure or syncope.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

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