Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
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  Citation statistics : Table of Contents
   2009| July-December  | Volume 2 | Issue 2  
    Online since December 12, 2009

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Teamwork in pediatric heart care
R Krishna Kumar
July-December 2009, 2(2):140-145
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58315  PMID:20808626
Pediatric cardiac specialties, pediatric cardiology (pediatric cardiac surgery and pediatric cardiac anesthesiology and intensive care) are only now being recognized as distinct specialties in most parts of the world. There has been a tremendous growth in knowledge in these specialties in the last 30-40 years with dramatic improvements in outcome. Pediatric cardiac care thrives on team work. The cohesiveness of the team of caregivers has a direct impact on the patient outcomes and efficiency of the system. The development of hybrid heart procedures in pediatric heart care represents an important benchmark in a team-based approach to patient care where a group of specialists with specific skills work closely together for ensuring the best possible patient outcome. Establishment of a cohesive team requires organization of group of team members with diverse skills to come together through good mutual understanding, under a leadership that actively promotes team harmony. Excellent communication among team members is a core requirement. The barriers for development and sustenance of a successful team must be recognized and overcome. They include egos of key team members as a source of conflict, time for interactions, disproportionate rewards and recognition for members of the team and traditional hierarchical arrangements. Special attention must be paid to motivating non-physician staff.
  8 4,205 738
Renal artery stenosis due to neurofibromatosis
Ishwar Chandra Malav, SS Kothari
July-December 2009, 2(2):167-169
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58323  PMID:20808634
A 4-year-old boy with hypertension due to renal artery stenosis and neurofibromatosis type 1 is presented for its rarity. Renal artery stenosis due to neurofibromatosis is underrecognized and may masquerade Takayasu's arteritis in Asian children.
  6 3,928 324
Candida krusei infection presenting as a right ventricular mass in a two month old Infant
Suresh V Patted, Prabhu C Halkati, Suresh T Yavagal, Ravikant Patil
July-December 2009, 2(2):170-172
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58324  PMID:20808635
The prevalence of fungal infections in newborns and small infants is on the rise consequent to the improved care and survival of preterm babies. Most of these premature infants are immunocompromised and subjected to invasive monitoring and therapy in neonatal intensive care units making them susceptible to nosocomial infections. We report a rare case of right ventricular mass secondary to candida krusei infection which was excised surgically. This article reemphasizes the importance of stringent aseptic practices in neonatal intensive care units to prevent nosocomial infections and the early use of echocardiography in neonates presenting with atypical unexplained symptoms to hasten diagnosis and facilitate timely intervention.
  6 3,556 236
Emergency balloon dilation or stenting of critical coarctation of aorta in newborns and infants: An effective interim palliation
Edwin Francis, S Gayathri, Balu Vaidyanathan, B.R.J Kannan, R Krishna Kumar
July-December 2009, 2(2):111-115
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58311  PMID:20808622
Background: Management of native uncomplicated coarctation in neonates remains controversial with current evidence favoring surgery. The logistics of organizing surgical repair at short notice in sick infants with critical coarctation can be challenging. Methods and Results: We reviewed data of 10 infants (mean age of 2.9 ±1.6 weeks) who underwent catheter intervention for severe coarctation and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction between July 2003 and August 2007. Additional cardiac lesions were present in 7. Mean systolic gradient declined from 51±12 mm Hg to 8.7±6.7 mm Hg after dilation. The coarctation segment was stented in five patients. Procedural success was achieved in all patients with no mortality. Complications included brief cardiopulmonary arrest (n =1), sepsis (n = 1) and temporary pulse loss (n = 2). LV dysfunction improved in all patients. Average ICU stay was 5±3.4 days and hospital stay was 6.5±3.4 days. On follow-up (14.1±10.5 months), all developed restenosis after median period of 12 weeks (range four to 28 weeks). Three (two with stents) underwent elective coarctation repair, two underwent ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure and coarctation repair and one underwent pulmonary artery (PA) banding. Two patients who developed restenosis on follow-up were advised surgery, but did not report. Two (one with stent) underwent redilatation and are being followed with no significant residual gradients. Conclusion : Balloon dilation ± stenting is an effective interim palliation for infants and newborns with critical coarctation and LV dysfunction. Restenosis is inevitable and requires to be addressed.
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Role of prophylactic surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus in extremely low birth weight infants: Systematic review and implications for clinical practice
Rafat Mosalli, Khalid AlFaleh, Bosco Paes
July-December 2009, 2(2):120-126
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58313  PMID:20808624
Objectives :To investigate the effectiveness and safety of prophylactic surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on mortality and morbidity of preterm infants weighing less than 1000 g at birth. Materials :The study conducted a systematic search of available database from 1996-2008. Retrieved articles were assessed for eligibility and data was abstracted independently by two reviewers. Decisions to include studies for review and the methodological quality of included studies were asssessed in duplicate based on predetermined criteria. No language restrictions were applied. Results :Only one eligible study that enrolled 84 extremely low birth weight infants was identified. Prophylactic surgical ligation of PDA resulted in a statistically significant reduction of severe stage II or III necrotizing enterocolitis, [RR 0.25, 95% CI (0.08, 0.83), P value 0.02, number needed to treat 5]. The study, however, found no statistically significant difference in mortality, intraventricular hemorrhage, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and retinopathy of prematurity. Conclusions :Current evidence does not support the use of prophylactic surgical ligation of PDA in the management of the preterm infants.
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Role of myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography in pediatric cardiology practice
P Shanmuga Sundaram, S Padma
July-December 2009, 2(2):127-139
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58314  PMID:20808625
Diagnostic and prognostic power of myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with coronary artery disease has been demonstrated with planar imaging which was further improvised with addition of gated SPECT and newer Technetium labeled myocardial perfusion tracers like SestaMIBI, Tetrofosmin. Myocardial perfusion abnormalities at rest and after stress are considered to be the best predictors of cardiac event-free survival in adults with ischemic heart disease. This article highlights various myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI)radiopharmaceuticals, exercise procedures, pharmacological stress protocols, indications for MPI and myocardial perfusion patterns in children with some of the common congenital and acquired heart diseases.
  4 4,854 658
Radiofrequency ablation in an infant with recurrent supraventricular tachycardia and cyanosis
Amit Vora, Yash Lokhandwala, Chirag Sheth, Bharat Dalvi
July-December 2009, 2(2):156-158
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58319  PMID:20808630
We report an unusual presentation of supraventricular tachycardia, in an infant, with cyanosis. The child had atrial septal defect with hypoplastic right ventricle. Radiofrequency ablation was performed in view of drug resistant SVT
  3 3,611 272
Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus and interruption of inferior vena cava with azygous continuation using an Amplatzer duct occluder II
Ghee Tiong Koh, Sharifah AI Mokthar, Amir Hamzah, Jasvinder Kaur
July-December 2009, 2(2):159-161
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58320  PMID:20808631
We report a case of transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus using the new Amplatzer duct occluder II in an adult patient with interrupted inferior vena cava with azygous continuation via the femoral artery approach.
  3 3,063 296
Digoxin in management of heart failure in children: Should it be continued or relegated to the history books?
Shreepal Jain, Balu Vaidyanathan
July-December 2009, 2(2):149-152
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58317  PMID:20808628
  3 9,961 1,387
Percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus via internal jugular vein in patient with interrupted inferior vena cava
Nehal H Patel, Tarun H Madan, Amar M Panchal, Bhavesh M Thakkar
July-December 2009, 2(2):162-164
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58321  PMID:20808632
Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) using various occluders and coils via femoral vein is a well established therapeutic option. However, in patients with interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC) it is not feasible to close the PDA percutaneously using traditional methods. We present a nine-year-old girl with IVC interruption in whom percutaneous closure of PDA was successfully accomplished via the transjugular approach.
  1 2,710 304
Williams syndrome and Ebstein's anomaly: A rare association
Vishal Changela, Sunita Maheshwari, Meenakshi Bhat
July-December 2009, 2(2):165-166
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58322  PMID:20808633
We report a rare case of Williams syndrome associated with Ebstein's anomaly of the tricuspid valve. To our knowledge, such an association has never been reported.
  1 2,873 287
Flash pulmonary edema in a post arterial switch operation - High flow oxygen as a treatment modality
Jamuna Kumar, Rajesh Hegde, Sunita Maheshwari, Shekar Rao
July-December 2009, 2(2):175-176
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58326  PMID:20808637
We report a case of a 3-year-old boy who underwent an arterial switch operation with relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and later presented with recurrent episodes of flash pulmonary edema. High-flow humidified oxygen with positive pressure support (Vapotherm) was used as a treatment modality, thereby avoiding intubation and mechanical ventilation.
  1 3,493 278
Transcatheter interventions in critically ill neonates and infants with aortic coarctation
P Syamasundar Rao
July-December 2009, 2(2):116-119
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58312  PMID:20808623
  1 2,857 396
Supracardiac anomalous pulmonary venous connection with unilateral pulmonary venous atresia: Diagnosis and management
Vishal P Changela, Suresh Pujar, Sunita Maheshwari
July-December 2009, 2(2):153-155
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58318  PMID:20808629
We report a case of a 6-day-old neonate referred to us for surgical correction of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Meticulous evaluation contributed to accurate diagnosis of associated unilateral pulmonary venous atresia. This unique association provides insights into the importance of evaluation of all pulmonary veins using various imaging tools.
  - 2,500 287
Use of Bosentan in neonatal post cardiac surgery pulmonary hypertension
Ravindra Pawar, Pankaj Kasar, Swati Garekar, Snehal Kulkarni
July-December 2009, 2(2):173-174
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58325  PMID:20808636
We report the use of Bosentan in the post-operative period of a neonate with obstructed infradiaphragmatic total anomalous pulmonary venous connection and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension. To our knowledge, this is the first report of use of Bosentan in this situation.
  - 3,804 462
Musings on a quarter of a century in pediatric cardiac technology
Roger Restall
July-December 2009, 2(2):146-148
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58316  PMID:20808627
  - 2,308 191
Are we shy of clinical research in India?
Bharat Dalvi
July-December 2009, 2(2):109-110
DOI:10.4103/0974-2069.58310  PMID:20808621
  - 2,630 473
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations after cavopulmonary anastomosis
Anil Kumar Singhi, R Krishna Kumar
July-December 2009, 2(2):177-178
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) is common after cavopulmonary anastomosis. PAVMs appear on chest X-ray film as diffuse opacity in one or both lungs. Angiographically, it appears as spidery diffuse vascularity with near simultaneous opacification of pulmonary arteries and veins.
  - 2,140 283
Selected Summaries
Sachin Talwar, Shiv Kumar Choudhary, Balram Airan
July-December 2009, 2(2):179-181
  - 3,114 214