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Figure 2: Pacemaker implantation through thoracoscopic video assistance. (a) A longitudinal pericardium incision is made parallel and anterior to the left phrenic nerve. (b) A unipolar epicardial electrode is inserted into the pleural cavity through the trocar. (c) The lead is fixed in the avascular area on the anterolateral surface of the left ventricular

Figure 2: Pacemaker implantation through thoracoscopic video assistance. (a) A longitudinal pericardium incision is made parallel and anterior to the left phrenic nerve. (b) A unipolar epicardial electrode is inserted into the pleural cavity through the trocar. (c) The lead is fixed in the avascular area on the anterolateral surface of the left ventricular